February 29, 1996

The relationship between sexual abuse and re-victimization.

From abstract: "Adults who are survivors of childhood sexual abuse have documented long-term effects ranging from psychological symptomatology (Beck & van der Kolk, 1987) to minimal life disruption (Herman, Russell, & Trocki, 1986). One of these long-term effects is the potential for subsequent re-victimization by abusers other than the original perpetrator. Kluft (1990) called this vulnerability "sitting duck syndrome."

Few studies have looked at the relationship of domestic physical violence and a history of childhood sexual abuse. This research is an descriptive, ex post facto design. This study was conducted in multiple sites using a preexisting sample from another study for the experimental group. Seventeen Caucasian and thirty-two African-American women reporting current physical or sexual assault were assessed. Fifty females drawn from the same settings who reported no current abuse served as a comparison group. The comparison group was matched by ethnicity and delivery status. Groups were consistent over age, number of children, educational level, and number of persons in household. Groups varied significantly in marital status, place of residence, and income level."
Hilda Marie Woodby
University of Virginia
Barbara J. Parker
Department of Nursing
Date Added November 10, 2016
Date Modifed October 17, 2017
Collection UVA scholarship on sexual violence, 1974-

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